Dolmens

Funerary monuments

The municipality of Valencia de Alcántara, in the county of Sierra de San Pedro, in the south-east of the province of Cáceres, is home to one of the Iberian Peninsula’s biggest collections of dolmens. This group of megalithic funerary monuments consists of 41 dolmens, 33 in granite and eight in slate.

The present-day town of Valencia de Alcántara, just 12 kilometres from the Portuguese border, has traces of human populations dating back to prehistoric times. The topography of this area is largely to thank for this, as the land’s large granite masses provided its inhabitants with the raw material to construct these monuments.

A dolmen is a megalithic construction and used to be considered a monument used for burials. It is estimated that the dolmens were constructed between the Neolithic and Chalcolithic Ages. Thousands of years later, they are still here with us. Dolmens could have been used for individual or group burials, and in all of them the deceased were buried together with their funerary objects. This has made it possible to learn more about the societies’ customs through the way in which they said goodbye to their loved ones.

Dolmens can be divided into three basic types, and in this group of dolmens we can find these three:

small single-chamber dolmens that are usually rectangular;
single-chamber dolmens with a short corridor, reaching up to 2.5 metres, and usually circular,
single-chamber dolmens with a long corridor, longer than 2.5 metres, and also usually circular.

These monuments can currently be visited on the Dolmens Route that follows three itineraries.

In 1992 dolmens were declared a Cultural Asset in the Archaeological Site category.

Weather

Herreruela

25Aug

Intervalos nubosos con lluvia escasa

21 ºC

35 ºC

26Aug

Intervalos nubosos con tormenta

17 ºC

30 ºC

27Aug

Intervalos nubosos

16 ºC

32 ºC

28Aug

Despejado

17 ºC

34 ºC

29Aug

Poco nuboso

17 ºC

35 ºC

30Aug

Despejado

18 ºC

36 ºC

In pictures

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